Resources: Permaculture, Agroforestry, Smallhold Farming

Freshwater Lake, Cairns, Queensland, Australia. – some resources and links on the topics of reforestation, agroforestry, permaculture, overseas aid, evergreen agriculture, FMNR, Planned grazing, environment, climate change, biochar, trees, soil, arborloos, Terra preta, artificial coral reefs, etc.

A selection of helpful websites, books, scientific papers, YouTube videos and other resources, mainly to do with reforestation, agroforestry, permaculture, and overseas aid.

The names of some of the sites are self explanatory, and for some I have put in a brief description. There are no doubt many more excellent sites which are not listed simply because I don’t know about them, and apologies that the sites listed are not well organised or in any particular order. Some references at the end (the whole disjointed affair is under construction and will continue to be under construction). I would appreciate links back to this site, thank you.

January 2023

Some interesting research papers and other resources I discovered recently: on YouTube

GrandeurAfrica on YouTube

EdibleAcres on YouTube














Sugarcane Feeding Manual – FINAL with Covers




Small-hold farming in Africa

Visit Samuel Nganga’s site:


Some great sites Willem is providing a great service and his wonderful site is a first port of call. See also Roger Pilon has done a great job of compiling many different ideas/inventions/solutions to help fix the planet. A UK site which clearly explains permaculture principles “Tropical Native Species Reforestation Information Clearinghouse”  I had the pleasure of meeting Clarence and Vera Hyde on a tour recently. They told me about this organisation, and the great work it is doing, and all by volunteers.

Niger before FMNR. World Neighbours

Evergreen Agriculture See “Evergreen Agriculture” and lots of excellent information. See Roger Leakey’s article “Three steps to bridging the yield gap”. this site provides a very comprehensive coverage of many tree species that are useful in agroforestry/permaculture.

Farmer managed natural regeneration (also called assisted natural regeneration – references kindly supplied by Tony Rinaudo, World Vision Australia):

AgNotes. FMNR3[1]

Tree regrowth in Niger in 2010, as a result of farmer managed natural regeneration. Photo courtesy of Tony Rinaudo, World Vision, Australia. Australian Acacias in the Sahel[o_id]=113390&p[a_id]=211&p[a_seq]=1,9171,2034377,00.html

Allan Savory, holistic management and planned grazing:

hol mgt  Courtesy of Beach Codevilla, Savory Institute. Allan Savory has amazingly perceptive insights into the workings of nature. Rodger Savory’s excellent site Click on “Greener pastures”.

Various sites and topics: Search on their site for “Good Practices in Bioenergy Feedstock Production”, in Kenya, amongst other projects. See “africaruralconnect”, a forum for innovative ideas to do with solving problems of poverty in Africa. A group devoted to increasing agricultural productivity, and lifting people out of poverty, particularly in Africa.

Fan palm leaves. CSIRO principal scientist Dr. Richard Stirzaker invented the “clever clover” system of vegetable production, intercropping lucerne/alfalfa and vegetables, and does research on efficient irrigation and fertilization of crops. Damon Ramsey is a biologist, lecturer and author extraordinaire, as well as a good friend.

Strangler fig, Marrja, Cape Tribulation National Park. lots of good info on using human urine, etc. Evergreen farming, Dr. Christine Jones – many insights into soil life and soil carbon (Australia).

Http:// Dr. Ranil Senanayake. I had the honour of working for Ranil years ago, helping him with scientific literature research. Info on their work in Niger, and direct seeding Faidherbia albida. David Mason-Jones manages the difficult task of clarifying some important issues surrounding livestock and climate change, in a logical, understandable way, in his book “Should meat be on the menu?”. reforestation charity info on using Tithonia diversifolia, amongst many other interesting topics Regenerating Australia’s farms, soils and communities. Plant a tree today Grass roots work on practical projects in Western Kenya by Salim Shaban and the African Christians Organisation Network. Their projects include working on making fuel briquettes out of waterweeds, fuel-efficient stoves, biochar etc. In my opinion, this organisation is leading the way. They are certainly worthy of, and would no doubt benefit from, donations or any help that can be given, such as volunteering. Contact Salim Shaban, See “Good Practices in Bioenergy Feedstock Production”. info on temperate pasture species

Seedpods of Leucaena leucocephala. great site, lots of useful info on many useful tropical plants, plant combinations, biomass figures. lots of good info lots of good info A clever system of growing maize, reducing the impact of pests and the parasitic plant, Striga.

Reforestation project, Thomatis Creek, Cairns, North Queensland, Australia. reforestation reforestation An excellent site promoting a solid scientific approach to anthropogenic climate change, and a Christian stewardship approach to environmental management and policy. An excellent resource for seeds and information regarding overseas aid. bag gardens and keyhole gardens, at the bottom of the home page, in the middle column, are of particular interest

Brazilian walking iris, Neomarica gracilis. efficient stoves

Bird’s-nest ferns, Asplenium australasicum. livestock research institute

Eucalyptus platyphylla, Palm Cove, Australia Ethiopian sheep and goat improvement program – lots of good info

The giant solar panel of the elephant’s ear, Alocasia macrorrhizos. Plant Resources of South East Asia – very useful books, especially no. 11 “Auxiliary Plants”. Plant resources of Tropical Africa Click on “utilisation” for excellent info on the uses of Australian wattles around the world, but especially in West Africa. Click on “Domestication of Australian Acacias for the Sahelian zone of West Africa”.

Rain forest forming clouds. an excellent publication plants for a future Peter Andrews (Australia) and his work on modifying and managing waterways and water tables, with the resultant improvement in plant growth. He has had to fight heroically to get his work recognised. Craig Sponholtz – excellent site on managing water on farms. cover crops Food and Trees for Africa About growing food in remote areas of Australia.

A tangle of jungle vines, Cape Tribulation. Organic farming in Australia Organic farming in the U.S.A. reforestation All sorts of interesting information Dexter Dombro’s forestry work in South America Dexter Dombro’s forestry work in South America an insight into the not-so-good side of green politics about making artificial reefs on which coral can grow, and reforestation using mangrove trees. I live in Cairns next to the Great Barrier Reef, so this is of interest to me as well – for all intents and purposes, underwater reforestation. Committee for a constructive tomorrow

Mangrove trees growing in the sea at high tide, Cape Tribulation. wonderful site exposing climate change alarmism. the positive effects of carbon dioxide enrichment on the growth of plants, and info on lowering of seawater pH. Nongovernmental International Panel on Climate Change A very popular meteorologist’s site on Climate change


Calliandra cv ‘Pink Poodle’

Calliandra ‘Pink Poodle’ in my garden. See the “Forest fires living fences” page for more information on Calliandras.


A butterfly on a Wedelia leaf. Cairns.

A butterfly on a Wedelia leaf. Cairns.


Forest Kingfisher. Photo: David Clode.

Forest Kingfisher. Photo: David Clode.


Some references:

Carter, R. M. 2010. Climate: the Counter Consensus. Stacey International. Independent Minds series. ISBN 978 1 906768 29 4.

Delingpole, James. 2012. KILLING THE EARTH TO SAVE IT. Connor Court Publishing 2012. ISBN 978-1-921421-74-7.

Galloway cattle eat grass and leaves. Photo: Chris Stuart.

Engel, Cindy. 2002.Wild Health. How animals keep themselves well and what we can learn from them. Weidenfeld and Nicholson. ISBN 0 297 64684 2.

Faridah Hannum, I., & van der Maesen, L. J. G. (Editors), 1997. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No 11. Auxiliary Plants. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden, The Netherlands.

Mason-Jones, D. 2010. Should meat be on the menu? Carbon issues in our food: paddock to plate.

Nambiar, E. K. Sandanan, and Brown, Alan G. 1997. Mangement of Soil, Nutrients and Water in Tropical plantation forests. ACIAR Monograph no 43. ISBN 1 86320 198 X.

Troeh, Frederick R., et al. 1980. Soil and water conservation for productivity and environmental protection. Prentice Hall, Inc. ISBN 0-13-833-155-3.

Kauri Pine

Kauri Pine, Agathis robusta (or possibly A. microstachya), Barron Gorge, Cairns.

The wonderfully symmetrical leaves of the fan palm, Johannesteijsmannia altifrons.

Fan palm.

Emergent trees, sunlight and mist, Mount Whitfield National park, Cairns, Australia.

Emergent trees, sunlight and mist, Mount Whitfield National Park, Cairns, Australia.

Emergent trees, mist and sunlight, rain forest, Mt. Whitfield, Australia.


I would appreciate links back to this site, thank you.


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